Critical Analysis on Demonetisation

By- Pranav Mimani

On November 8, in an urgent move, Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced the ‘Demonetisation’ of Rs. 500 and Rs. 1000 currency notes. The swiftness of execution was such that these currency bills were effectively rendered useless within a couple of hours of the announcement. The reasoning behind such a move has been summed up in the official statement. A striking observation to be made out here is the lack of data numbers provided for by the Government and the connection made to national security. Let’s think about this policy action to analyse it to a certain extent. Continue reading “Critical Analysis on Demonetisation”

Demonetisation – Absorbing the Excess Liquidity

The decision to raise the limit for issue of bonds under MSS (Market Stabilization Scheme) is a prudent move and brings this innovative scheme in focus again. The arrangement also shifts the burden of holding cash from the Banks and RBI on to the government and would help stabilise the money market. A look at the scheme and how money is flowing after it is being deposited in the banks as a result of demonetization. Continue reading “Demonetisation – Absorbing the Excess Liquidity”

Financial Awareness-November(21-30) 2016

  1. Lenders allowed more time to classify defaults as NPAs (Source: MINT)
  • The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) on November 21st said it would allow lenders more time to classify defaults as sub-standard owing to the government’s decision to scrap high-value banknotes.
  • Scheduled commercial banks, state cooperative banks, district central cooperative banks, non-banking financial companies (NBFCs) and microfinance companies will get an additional 60-day window for classifying stressed standard accounts as nonperforming assets (NPAs), if the payments are due between 1 November and 31 December.
  • “The additional time given shall only apply to defer the classification of an existing standard asset as substandard and not for delaying the migration of an account across sub-categories of NPA,” the statement said.
  • In its statement, RBI said the exemptions will be available to any running working capital limits available with banks where the sanctioned limit is Rs1 crore or less. Term loans of up to Rs. 1 crore, whether business or personal, secured or otherwise, on the books of any bank or any NBFC, including microfinance companies, would be covered under by this one-time scheme. This would also be applicable on home loans and agriculture loans up to that limit.
  • The move by RBI is likely to help over a third of the banking system loans. According to RBI data, 35% of the banking system’s loans were given to customers where the individual outstanding loan is Rs1 crore or below.
  • In its guidelines, the regulator said that this is a short-term deferment and will not count as restructuring. Typically, when an account goes from standard to NPA in a bank’s book, the lender has to set aside up to 15% of the outstanding amount as a provision.

Continue reading “Financial Awareness-November(21-30) 2016”

Financial Awareness-November(11-20) 2016

  1. Bad loan troubles continue at banks (Source:Mint)
  • Bad loan woes for banks continued on Wednesday, with three of the five banks that reported quarterly earnings on the day mentioning a deterioration in asset quality.
  • Uco Bank, the biggest of the three, reported a dismal performance in the fiscal second quarter although accumulation of its gross non-performing assets (NPAs) saw a slight drop. Its gross NPA stood at 16.51% at the end of the September quarter, compared with 17.19% a quarter ago.
  • Three banks reported a worsening of asset quality: Oriental Bank of Commerce’s gross NPA increased to 12.36% at the end of fiscal second quarter, compared with 11.45% a quarter ago. Indian Bank saw its gross NPA jumping to 7.28%, compared with 6.97% in the June quarter, while Punjab and Sind Bank’s gross NPA increased to 8.63% for the second quarter against 7.23% in June. Karnataka Bank’s gross NPA decreased to 3.64% at the end of September quarter compared to 3.92% a quarter ago.
  • Provisions for all the five banks increased by a substantial amount from last year. Oriental Bank’s provision increased to Rs774.54 crore for the second quarter, compared with Rs569.42 crore a year ago. Indian Bank’s provision more than doubled to Rs478.27 crore. Punjab and Sind Bank’s provision almost doubled to Rs225.46 crore for the September quarter. Karnataka Bank’s provision increased to Rs130.55 crore in the second quarter, compared with Rs35.07 crore in the year earlier. Uco Bank saw its provision increase by close to 40% to Rs1,488.34 crore for the September quarter.
  • Provision coverage ratio for Oriental Bank of Commerce, Indian bank, Punjab and Sind Bank and Uco Bank stood at 48.47%, 55.11%, 46.01% and 58.29%, respectively, at the end of the September quarter.

Continue reading “Financial Awareness-November(11-20) 2016”

Financial Awareness-November(1-10) 2016

  1. PNB plans to raise Rs6,000 crore via bonds (Source: Mint)
  • Punjab National Bank said it plans to raise Rs 6,000 crore in tranches from bonds to fund business expansion.
  • The board will be considering issuance of Basel III compliant debt instruments — Perpetual Additional Tier I capital bonds worth Rs 3,000 crore and Tier-II bonds of up to Rs 3,000 crore, PNB said in a regulatory filing to stock exchanges. The fund raising is subject to availability of headroom in one or more tranches, it said.
  • The board meeting will be held on 14 November, it added. Under the Basel-III norms, AT-1 bonds come with loss absorbency features, meaning that in case of stress, banks can write off such investments or convert them into common equity if approved by the RBI. AT-1 bonds qualify as core or equity capital.

Continue reading “Financial Awareness-November(1-10) 2016”

Introduction to Management

Definition:

According to Koontaz and O’ Donnell, “Management is an art of getting things done through and with the people in formally organized group.”
According to Henry Fayol, “To manage is to forecast and to plan, to organize, to command, to co-ordinate and to control.”

Continue reading “Introduction to Management”